No Benefit From Dose-Dense Chemo in Glioblastoma

GlioblastomaIntensified chemoradiation with temozolomide for newly diagnosed glioblastoma failed to improve survival or slow disease progression, according to results of a randomized trial.

Patients randomized to conventional treatment with radiation therapy and temozolomide (Temodar) had a median overall survival (OS) of 16.6 months, whereas patients who received radiation and dose-dense temozolomide had a median survival of 14.9 months.

Median progression-free survival (PFS) was about a month longer with the dose-dense regimen, but the difference did not reach statistical significance, reported Mark R. Gilbert, MD, of the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, and colleagues online in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

“This study did not demonstrate improved efficacy for dose-dense temozolomide for newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme, regardless of [MGMT] methylation status,” the authors concluded. “However, it did confirm the prognostic significance of MGMT (methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase) methylation. Feasibility of large-scale accrual, prospective tumor collection, and molecular stratification was demonstrated.”

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Current Treatment Options in Adult Glioblastoma

a report by Christopher E Pelloski, MD1 and Mark R Gilbert, MD2

1. Assistant Professor, Departments of Radiation Oncology and Pathology; 2. Professor and Deputy Chair, Department of Neuro-oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

The purpose of this article is to review the current treatment options for patients with glioblastoma (GBM). The current standard of care involves maximal safe surgical resection followed by concurrent chemotherapy with radiation followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. Although level 1 evidence supports the use of this treatment, GBM remains incurable and most patients will succumb to the disease within two years of diagnosis. The need for better treatments has led to the development of numerous experimental agents that are currently in various phases of pre-clinical and clinical application. The new treatment approaches provide hope that significant treatment advances are likely, but will require a collaborative effort between laboratory-based and clinical investigators. [Read more…]